Analysis Of Zakat Empowerment In The Era Of Pandemy Covid-19 Towards Impossible Material and Spiritual Aspects Mustahik

Nur Kholidah, Miftahur Rahman Hakim

Abstract

The outbreak of the Covid-19 virus has caused the economy of developing countries to slow down, including Indonesia. The sluggish economy contributes to the poverty rate. Zakat has an important role in the economy and can be a source of funds that can improve welfare. This study aims to analyze the impact of the zakat program in alleviating poverty in mustahik households based on material and spiritual aspects. This research method used a descriptive quantitative approach with a sample of 57 mustahik families who received food security action programs. The statistical test and data analysis used were paired data t-test and the CIBEST model. Based on the CIBEST Model, it shows that zakat's assistance improves the welfare of mustahik and reduces the poverty index of the mustahik material. After the assistance of zakat funds, the Number of mustahik households in the welfare household category (quadrant I) has increased by 0.14 percent. Meanwhile, the Number of mustahik households categorized as material poor (quadrant II) decreased by 0.14 percent.

Keywords

CIBEST model; material and spiritual values; Poverty; zakat

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abror, A., & Hudayati, A. (2020). The effect of distributive justice on intention to pay zakat through zakat institutions using affective and cognitive trust as intervening variables. Jurnal Ekonomi & Keuangan Islam, 6(1), 24–33. https://doi.org/10.20885/jeki.vol6.iss1.art3

Adji, A., Hidayat, T., Tuhiman, H., Kurniawati, S., & Maulana, A. (2020). Pengukuran Garis Kemiskinan di Indonesia: Tinjauan Teoretis dan Usulan Perbaikan. Tim Nasional Percepatan Penanggulangan Kemiskinan. www.tnp2k.go.id/download/79169WP480304FINAL.pdf

Ali, K. M., Amalia, N. N., & Ayyubi, S. El. (2016). Perbandingan Zakat Produktif dan Zakat Konsumtif dalam Meningkatkan Kesejahteraan Mustahik The Comparative Study Between Productive and Consumptive Based Zakat 1 Pendahuluan 2 Tinjauan Pustaka. Jurnal Al-Muzara’ah, 4(1), 19–32.

Ammani, S. A., Abba, S. A., & Dandago, K. I. (2014). Zakah on Employment Income in Muslims Majority States of Nigeria: Any Cause for Alarm? Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 164(August), 305–314. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.11.081

Aris, N. M., Adnan, S. D. M., & Md, M. F. (2017). Sekuriti Makanan Menurut Filantropi Islam. E-PROCEEDING 5th SOUTHEAST ASIA INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC PHILLANTHROPY CONFERENCE 2017, 385–398. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3060178

Aryani, D. S., Rchmawati, Y., & Seto, A. A. (2019). Impact of Zakat on Changes Poverty Typology in the City of Palembang. Ad-Deenar Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Biskins Islam, 3(2), 145–160. https://doi.org/10.30868/ad.v3i2.522

Aziz, M. R. A., & Anim, N. A. H. M. (2020). Trust towards zakat institutions among muslims business owners. Jurnal Ekonomi & Keuangan Islam, 6(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.20885/jeki.vol6.iss1.art1

Bank Indonesia. (2016). Seri ekonomi dan keuangan syariah: Usaha Mikro Islam. In Isbn.

Beik, I. S. (2015). Towards International Standardization of Zakat System. Fiqh Zakat International Conference 2015, November, 3–17. https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.4490.1207

Beik, I. S., & Arsyianti, L. D. (2015). Construction Of CIBEST Model as Measurement of Poverty and Welfare Indices From Islamic Perspective. Al-Iqtishad: Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Syariah, 7(1), 87–104. https://doi.org/10.15408/aiq.v7i1.1361

Beik, I. S., & Arsyianti, L. D. (2016). Measuring Zakat Impact on Poverty and Welfare Using Cibest Model. Journal of Islamic Monetary Economics and Finance, 1(2), 141–160. https://doi.org/10.21098/jimf.v1i2.524

Beik, I. S., & Pratama, C. (2015). Zakat Impact on Poverty and Welfare of Mustahik: A CIBEST Model Approach. AFEBI Islamic Finance and Economic Review, 1(01), 1. https://doi.org/10.47312/aifer.v1i01.16

BPS. (2020). 15 Juli 2020. 1–54. https://www.bps.go.id/website/materi_ind/materiBrsInd-20200715120937.pdf

Dasangga, D. G. R., & Cahyono, E. F. (2020). Analisis Peran Zakat Terhadap Pengentasan Kemiskinan Dengan Model Cibest (Studi Kasus Rumah Gemilang Indonesia Kampus Surabaya). Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Teori Dan Terapan, 7(6), 1060. https://doi.org/10.20473/vol7iss20206pp1060-1073

Dimyati. (2017). Urgensi Zakat Produktif di Indonesia. 2(2), 189–204.

Harisah, H., Sa’adah, M., & Jalil, A. (2021). Peran zakat dalam pemulihan ekonomi saat pandemi covid-19. Syar’ie, 4(1), 54–66.

Hartono, N., & Anwar, M. (2018). Analisis Zakat Produktif Terhadap Indeks Kemiskinan, Nilai Material Dan Spiritual Para Mustahik. ISLAMICONOMIC: Jurnal Ekonomi Islam, 9(2), 187–205. https://doi.org/10.32678/ijei.v9i2.108

Kasri, R. A. (2013). Giving behaviors in Indonesia: Motives and marketing implications for Islamic charities. Journal of Islamic Marketing, 4(3), 306–324. https://doi.org/10.1108/JIMA-05-2011-0044

Kementrian PPN/Bappenas. (2018). Analisis Wilayah dengan Kemiskinan Tinggi. In V. Yulaswati (Ed.), Kedeputian Bidang Kependudukan dan Ketenagakerjaan. https://www.bappenas.go.id/files/6915/6082/6584/Analisis_Wilayah_dengan_Kemiskinan_Tinggi_-_BAPPENAS.pdf

Mubarokah, I., Beik, I. S., & Irawan, T. (2017). Dampak Zakat terhadap Kemiskinan dan Kesejahteraan Mustahik (Kasus : BAZNAS Provinsi Jawa Tengah). Al-Muzara’ah, 5(1), 37–50. https://doi.org/10.29244/jam.5.1.37-50

Ozili, P. K., & Arun, T. (2020). Spillover of COVID-19. SSRN Electronic Journal, March 2020, 27.

Pratama, Y. C. (2015). Peran Zakat Dalam Penanggulangan Kemiskinan (Studi Kasus : Program Zakat Produktif Pada Badan Amil Zakat Nasional). The Journal of Tauhidinomics, 1(1), 93–104.

Puskas BAZNAS. (2021). Outlook Zakat 2021. https://puskasbaznas.com/publications/books/1418-outlook-zakat-indonesia-2021

Putri, S. A. R., & Tho’in, M. (2019, October). Effect of income rate, education, religiosity to muzakki interest to pay zakat; Case study of National Amil Zakat Board Central Java. In 2018 International Conference on Islamic Economics and Business (ICONIES 2018) (pp. 406-409). Atlantis Press.

Romdhoni, A. H. (2018). Effect of productive zakat program on the improvement of welfare in Sragen regency. Jurnal Ekonomi & Keuangan Islam, 4(1), 41–50. https://doi.org/10.20885/jeki.vol4.iss1.art5

Saputra, H. (2020). Zakat Sebagai Sarana Bantuan Bagi Masyarakat Berdampak Covid-19. Al-Ijtima`i: International Journal of Government and Social Science, 5(2), 161–175. https://doi.org/10.22373/jai.v5i2.549

Siswantoro, D., Nurzaman, M. S., Nurhayati, S., Munandar, A., & Ismail, A. G. (2021). Incentive Zakat Agency Mechanism, a Comparison between Indonesia and Malaysia. International Journal of Islamic Business and Economics (IJIBEC), 5(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.28918/ijibec.v5i1.3067

Sugiyono. (2016). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D. Alfabeta.

Sumantri, R. (2018). Efektifitas Dana Zakat Pada Mustahik Zakat Community Development Sumatera Selatan Dengan Pendekatan Cibest. I-ECONOMICS: A Research Journal on Islamic Economics, 3(2), 209. https://doi.org/10.19109/ieconomics.v3i2.1688

Wibisono, Y. (2015). Mengelola Zakat Indonesia: Diskursus Pengelolaan Zakat Nasional dari Rezim UU No 38 tahun 1999 ke Rezim UU No 23 tahun 2011. Prenada Media.

World Bank. (2020). East Asia and Pacific in the Time of Covid-19. In World Bank East Asia and Pacific Economic Update (Issue April). https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/33477

Zandri, L. P. (2020). Analisis Pendayagunaan Zakat Produktif Dalam Meningkatkan Kesejahteraan Mustahik Berdasarkan Cibest Model Pada Izi. Ekonomi Islam, January.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.