Peran Zakat Dalam Mengatasi Kemiskinan: Covid-19 Di Indonesia

Anisa Rahmadita

Abstract

Zakat is an obligation for a Muslim in managing their wealth and is also a form of social concern that is given when it reaches the threshold. The distribution of zakat to the recipients is not only limited to consumptive forms that meet basic human needs, but also includes productive zakat distribution in the form of capital for businesses that are monitored for their development, so that the recipients can become more self-reliant. The Indonesian economy has experienced a decline due to the Covid-19 pandemic, which has led to an increase in poverty rates in Indonesia. This research utilizes literature research from articles and published journals. The research findings indicate that zakat plays a role in alleviating poverty and ensuring social justice for the community, including during the Covid-19 pandemic. BAZNAS and LAZ throughout Indonesia have created collaborations to assist the government in dealing with Covid-19 by establishing the Covid-19 Crisis Center

Keywords

Zakat, Poverty, Covid-19, Indonesia

Full Text:

PDF

References

Ahmad Fahme, A., Abd Aziz, R., Ibrahim, F., Zaleha, N. and Johari, F. (2013). Impact of zakat distribution on poor and needy recipients: an analysis in Kelantan, Malaysia. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, Vol. 7 No. 13, pp. 177-182.

Ahmad, M. (2019). An Empirical Studdy of The Challenges Facing Zakat and Waqf Institutions in Northern Nigeria. ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance 11(2), 338-356.

Ahmed, H. (2008). Zakat, macroeconomic policies, and poverty alleviation: Lessons from simulations on Bangladesh. Journal of Islamic Economics, Banking and Finance, 2, 83–111.

Al-Faizin, A. W., Taqiyah, D.I., and Sri Herianingrum. (2018). Zakat: Concept And Implications To Social And Economic (Economic Tafsīr Of Al-Tawbah:103). Journal of Islamic Monetary Econmics and Finance, Vol. 4(1), pp 117-132.

AL-Kindi, S. N. (2007). Zakat: Obligatory Charity, Its Rules and Regulations. Oman: Sultan

Al-Qardhawi, Y. (2003). Fiqhul Zakat Vol.1 Introductory Discussion. Dhaka, Bangladesh: Islamic Foundation.

Ammani, S. A., Abba, S. A., & Dandago, K. I. (2014). Zakah on Employment Income in Muslim Majority States of Nigeria: Any Cause for Alarm? Procedia- Social and Behavioral Sciences 164, 305-314.

Beik, I. S., & Arsyianti, L. D. (2016). Construction of Cibest Model as Measurement of Poverty and Welfare Indices from Islamic Perspective. Al-Iqtishad 7(1), 87-104.

Bouanani, Mejda dan Belhadj, B. (2020). Does Zakat Reduce Poverty? Evidence From Tunisia Using The Fuzzy Approach. Metroeconomica;00:1-16. https://doi.org/10.1111/meca.12304

Haq, S.G. (2013), “Distribution of income and wealth in Islam”, South East Asia Journal of Contemporary Business, Economics and Law. 2(2), 34-40.

Haris, C. (2021). Zakat As A Solution For Public Economic Recovery In The Era Of Covid-19. Tasharruf: Journal Economics and Business of Islam, Vol. 6 (1), pp 1-19.

Hariyanto, E., Muhammad Taufqi, Zainal Abidin, Miftahul Ulum. (2020). Effectiveness of the Economic System to Zakat and Waqf for Empowerment of the Ummah in Indonesia. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, Vol. 29 (6), pp 1910-1916.

Huda, N., Rini, N., Mardoni, Y. and Putra, P. (2012), “The analysis of attitudes, subjective norms, and behavioral control on muzakki’s intention to pay zakah”, International Journal of Business and Social Science, Vol. 3 No. 22, pp. 271-279.

Huda, Nurul dkk. 2012. Keungan Publik Islam: Pendekatan Teoritis dan Sejarah. Kencana: Jakarta.

HUMAS BAZNAS. (2021, Agustus 27). BAZNAS Program Darurat Untuk Penanggulangan Covid-19. Retrieved from Baznas.go.id: https://baznas.go.id/Press_Release/baca/BAZNAS_Bantu_13_Ribu_UMKM_Terdampak_Covid-19/861

HUMAS BAZNAS. (2021, Juli 2). BAZNAS Program Darurat Untuk Penanggulangan Covid-19. Retrieved from Baznas.go.id: https://baznas.go.id/Press_Release/baca/BAZNAS_Perkuat_Program_Darurat_untuk_Penanggulangan_Covid-19/829.

Ibrahim, M.Y. dan Lubis, R. H. (2021). Pemanfaatan Zakat Untuk Pemulihan Ekonomi Pasca Pandemi Covid-19. Al Tasyree, Vol. 01 No. 01, pp 57-76.

Ibrahim, S.M. and Shaharuddin, A. (2015), “In search of an effective zakat institution management in Kano state Nigeria”, Journal for Studies in Management and Planning, Vol. 1 No. 7, pp. 242-258.

Jedidia, K.M. and Guerbouj, K. (2021), “Effects Of Zakat On The Economic Growth In Selected Islamic Countries: Empirical Evidence”, International Journal of Development Issues, Vol. 20 No. 1, pp 126-142.

Jehle, G. A. (1994). Zakat and inequality: Some evidence from Pakistan. Review of Income and Wealth, Series 40(2), 205–215.

Kahf, M. (2004). Shariah and Historical Aspects of Zakah and Awqaf. Background, paper presented at the Islamic Research and Training Institute, Islamic Development Bank, Jeddah.

Mahomed, Z. (2015). Zakat, Islamic Wealth Management & Wealth Effect. CIWM Special Edition, 14-16.

Mowafi, M., & Khawaja, M. (2005). Poverty. Journal Epidemiol Community Health 59, 260-264.

Nuzulia. (2021). Analisis Pengelolaan Zakat di Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Ilmiah Ekonomi Islam, Vol 7(3), pp 1511-1517.

Opoku, R.A. (2013), “Examining the motivational factors behind charitable giving among young people in a prominent Islamic country”, International Journal of Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Marketing, Vol. 18 No. 3, pp. 172-186.

Ozili, P., & Arun, T. (2020). Spillover of COVID-19: Impact on The Global Economy. SSRN

Powell, R. (2009). Zakat: Drawing Insights For Legal Theory And Economic Policy From Islamic Jurisprudence. Pittsburgh Tax Review, 43, 10–17.

Purwanto, Fitri Nurba Sari, Mona Burasukma, Siti Nurolihah. (2021). The Role Of Islamic Social Finance Through Ziswaf And Bmt During The Covid-19 Pandemic. MALIA: Journal of Islamic Banking and Finance, Vol. 5(2), pp 81-97.

Puskas BAZNAS. (2019). Outlook Zakat Indonesia 2019. Jakarta: Puskas BAZNAS.

Puskas BAZNAS. (2020). Outlook Zakat Indonesia 2020. Jakarta: Puskas BAZNAS.

Puskas BAZNAS. (2021). Outlook Zakat Indonesia 2021. Jakarta: Puskas BAZNAS.

Puskas BAZNAS. (2022). Outlook Zakat Indonesia 2022. Jakarta: Puskas BAZNAS.

Qudamah, I. (2007). Al-Mughni Terjemahan Amir Hamzah Cetakan Ketiga. Jakarta: Pustaka Azzam.

Rini, Fatimah, and Purwanti, A. (2020). Zakat and Poverty: An Indonesian Experience. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity, and Change, Vol. 10 (11).

Rodin, D. (2015). Rekonstruksi Konsep Fakir dan Miskin sebagai Mustahik Zakat. Ijtihad-Jurnal Wacana Hukum Islam dan Kemanusiaan 15(1), 137-158.

Rosly, S. A. (2008). Malaysia and Islamic Economics. International Center for Education in Islamic Finance (INCEIF). Paper presented at the Hadhari Economics Roundtable Conference, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia.

Sari, A.P. (2020). Menjadi OPZ Penyintas di Masa Pandemi. Policy Brief. Puskas BAZNAS. Diakses melalui: https://drive.google.com/file/d/15jnuoxJmpIf1o3D9Ru2LTYYSFXGRA58S/view

Schwartzman, S. (2002). The Statistical Measurement of Poverty. Rio De Janeiro: Expert Group of Poverty Statistics.

Sihaloho, E. D. (2020, April 10). Dampak Covid-19 terhadap Perekonomian Indonesia. Retrieved from ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.ner/publication/340554267_Dampak_Covid-10_Terhadap_Perekonomian_Indonesia

Sugiyono. (2013). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan Pendekatan Kuantitatif Kualitatif, dan R & D. Bandung: Alfabeta

Sumai, S., Mutmainnah, A.N., Nuthamdah, Arsyad, M. (2019). Role Of Zakat In Poverty Reduction And Food Security. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmetal Science 343.

Yusoff, Wan Sulaiman bin Wan. (2008). Modern Approach of Zakat as an Economic and Social Instrument for Poverty Alleviation and Stability of Ummah. Jurnal Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan 9(1), 105-118.

Weng Wai, C. C., & Gen, T. Z. (2019). The Absolut vs Relative Poverty Conundrum. Khazanah Research Institute Views 5(19), 01-10.

Zed, Mestika. 2004. Metode Penelitian Kepustakaan. Jakarta : Yayasan Obor Nasional

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.